Among all the stages that a child must go through, reading is the concern of all parents. Teaching them to read is the most difficult stage in a child's development. Instead of trying to find out if the child is ready to learn to read, society is putting other pressures not only on adults, but also on children, because it believes that children should learn early. Some buy different exercise and audio books, while others hire tutors for faster results. Despite these efforts, a recent study on brain development reveals that, on average, children are not ready to learn before the age of 5. In addition, a child who learns to speak very early is fortunate to be able to read at the appropriate age. Worse, pushing children to learn when they are not ready will only frustrate them and make them lose all interest in learning instead of encouraging them to love it.
THE FIVE SKILLS NECESSARY FOR THE PREPARATION OF THE CHILD FOR READING
Each parent or teacher should look for five skills in the child to find out if he is ready to read. Although every child has natural ways to learn as they play and interact with their environment, there are some skills that need to be learned, such as reading. It may sound a bit complex, but with patience and persistence it can be easy as if we are teaching them to speak and walk!
- Teach children the concept of writing
Help children understand that the scriptures on the pages are words, that these words have different meanings and are related to how we pronounce them. You can develop this skill by teaching children how to properly hold a book, how to read a book well (from top to bottom, from left to right) and by indicating the various objects and signs around you.
- Knowledge of letters
It is a child's ability to recognize the alphabet, as well as their names and sounds. This can be assimilated by singing the song of the alphabet, teaching them the upper and lower case letters and associating them with the sounds they produce.
- Phonological awareness
Although it may sound difficult, it is only the ability to hear and identify the sounds of the words they read. On this subject, a child can easily understand by presenting nursery rhymes and images that rhyme with it.
- Listening comprehension
It is the ability to understand a word encountered and to relate it to other things. A child who has good hearing comprehension has a developed vocabulary and easily understands everything around him. Reading a book aloud and encouraging children to interact are some techniques that help develop this skill.
- Motivation to read
This is the part where you can observe a child reading. To encourage him, you can read him books of fiction and other books, which are not books of fiction, ask questions which are of his level of comprehension and use the experiences of the daily life to enrich his vocabulary .
STEPS TO LEARN TO READ YOUR CHILD
Whatever your child's age, it's important to know that they can be encouraged to read from early childhood. But that doesn't mean we should push them to learn early. So it is always important to know when they are ready to learn, so that you can both enjoy each step of this important step for the child.
Here are some experiences you can try to help your child read:
- Read to your child as soon as possible
You can do this from the first days of your newborn baby. This does not mean making and showing flashcards. But just read something to them. It will not only be a time you spend together to bond, but it can also instill in them a passion for books.
- Be a good example.
The saying that "practice what you preach" also applies to teaching our children to read. If you are not a regular reader, always try to let the children see you read even a few minutes a day. Let them know that reading is also a regular activity for adults!
- Identify letters even in ordinary environments
Technically called "literate environment", it involves presenting letters to your child everywhere, such as labels, road signs, etc.
- When you read, run your finger under the words to let them know that writing makes sense.
- Be creative when reading, for example using funny voices and animal sounds. This will surely inspire your child to tell his story.
- Ask your child to look at the pictures and name the things he sees. Discuss the connection between these images and the story.
- Encourage your child to also read repeated sentences in the text.
- Show your child how the events in the book can be similar to their lives.
- If he asks a question, stop and answer. This can help your child express himself, express his thoughts and improve his ability to solve his own problems.
- Continue reading to your child even if he already knows how to read.